1.Who was the last ruler of Mughal empire(in 1857)?
A. Bahadur Shah II
B. Shahjahan
C. Jahangir
D. Abdul Rahim Khan-e-khana
Ans: A
He was deposed by the British & exiled to Rangoon, Myanmar.

2.The Mughal emperor who imposed a ban on consumption of Tobacco was ─
A. Babur
B. Akbar
C. Jahangir
D. Humayun
Ans: C

3. Babur defeated whom to become the I Mughal emperor ( in 1526)?
A. Allauddin Khilji
B. Bahlol Lodi
C. Khirj khan
D. Ibrahim Lodi
Ans: D

4. The Third battle of Panipat (1761) was fought between─
A. Babur and Ibrahim Lodi
B. Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marathas
C. Akbar and Hemu
D. Tardi Beg Khan and Hemu
Ans: B
Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated Marathas.

5. 16th century Bengali poem Chandimangala was composed by A. Dwija Madhab
B. Govind Das
C. Mukundaram Chakrabarti
D. Akinchan Chakrabarti
Ans: C
The hero of the poem, kalaketu sets up a kingdom by clearing forests.

6. The Capture of wild elephants was declared a royal monopoly by─
A. Mughal Kings
B. Ahom Kings
C. Rajput Kings
D. Cholas
Ans: B

7. Giovanni Careri belonged to which country?
A. France
B. Portugal
C. Spain
D. Italy
Ans: D

8. What was Diwan Responsible for?
A. Supervising fiscal system
B. Commanding armies
C. Heading a village
D. Maintenance of Mughal Haram
Ans: A

9. Manasabdar was required to look after ─
A. Civil Affairs
B. Military Affairs
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above
Ans: C

10. Chillies, potatoes and fruits came to India from the New
world. Here ‘New world’ refers to?
A. Africa
B. Australia
C. Argentina
D. South America
Ans: D
They were introduced to India by Portuguese.

11. What does the term ‘Kifayat’ mean?
A. Principal
B. Interest
C. Tax
D. Compensation
Ans: B

12. The term ‘Pahi-kashta’ means─
A. Village Residents that held their land.
B. Farmers who grew jins-i-kamil crop.
C. Cash crops
D. Non- resident cultivators.
Ans: D
Khud Kashta- Resident Cultivators

13. The term ‘Raiyat’ means?
A. King
B. Mughal officials
C. Peasants
D. Zamindars
Ans: C
Also referred to as Asamis and mazurins

14. Which of the following is not a type of land as classified
by Emperor Akbar ─
A. Polaj
B. Kankut
C. Chachar
D. Parauti
Ans: B
Polaj- Annually cultivated for each crop in succession; Parauti- left out of cultivation for a crop season to recover its strength; Chachar- Land fallow for 3-4 years;
Banjar- uncultivated for 5 years or more. Whereas, Kankut is a method of land Revenue collection

15. Which of the following statements regarding the Ain-i-Akbari
are correct ─
A. It was authored by Akbar.
B. This text recorded the arrangement made by the state to ensure
C. Its Purpose was to present a vision of Akbar’s empire where
social harmony was provided by strong ruling class
D. Both B and C
Ans: D
It was written by Abu’l Fazl, the court poet of Akbar .

16. Consider the following statements:
I. The Mughal state encouraged peasants to cultivate jins-i-kamil (literally,
perfect crops)
II. Crops Such as cotton and Sugarcane were jins-i-kamil par excellence.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about mughal state’s
role in Agriculture?
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Both I and II
D. Neither I nor II
Ans: C
These crops brought in more Revenue.

17.Consider the following statements:
I. The decision of the panchayat in conflicts between ‘lower-caste
peasants and state officials could vary from case to case.
II. Archival records contain petitions against extortionate taxation or
unpaid labour demand imposed by ‘superior-castes’.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about formation of
Jati Panchayats in 16th & 17th century ?
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Both I and II
D. Neither I nor II
Ans: C

18. Consider the following pairs:

1.Kharif : Autumn

2.Rabi: Spring
Which of the following Crops is/ are correctly matched to their
cultivation season?
A. Both 1 and 2
B. 2 only
C. 1 only
D. none
Ans: A
Kharif- July to October; Rabi- October to March; March to June- Summer crops.

19.Consider the following pairs:

1.Halalkhoran : Scavengers

2.Mallahzadas : Labourers

3.Majur : Son of boatmen

4. Asamis : Headman
Which of the following is/ are correctly matched?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 only
D. both B and C
Ans: C
Mallahzadas- Son of boatmen; Majur- Labourers, Asamis- peasants

20.Consider the following pairs:

1.Ain-i-Akbari : Abul Fazl

2.Babur Nama : Babur

3.Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum
Which of the following Biographies is/are correctly matched to
their Authors?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 only
C. All 1, 2 and 3
D. 3 only
Ans: C

21. Which of the following is/are a part of Ain-i-Akbari?
A. Manzil abadi
B. Sipah abadi
C. Mulk abadi
D. All of the above
Ans: D
Manzil Abadi- Describes royal household and its maintenance; Sipah Abadi-account
of civil and military administration; Mulk abadi- It gives the details of fiscal policies
and detailed information on revenue rates

22. The panchayat was headed by a headman known as─
A. Muqaddam
B. Patwari
C. Mandal
D. Both A and C
Ans: D
The headman was assisted by an accountant or patwari.

23.A small daily allowance and diet money paid by zamindars
in Bengal to artisans, later came to be described as ─
A. Shahnahari system
B. Mansabdari system
C. Raiyatwari system
D. Jajmani system
Ans: D

24.‘Banduqchi’ in Mughal parlance means─
A. Patwari
B. labourer
C. Footman
D. peasants
Ans: C

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