FUNDAMENTALS OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
UNIT-2 CHAPTER-2 THE WORLD POPULATION Density , Distribution ,Growth
1. The real wealth of a country is its:
2. Population recorded at the beginning of 21st century was over-
A. 7 Billion
B. 9 Billion
C. 6 Billion
D. 12 Billon
3. Who remarked about Asia “Asia has many places where people are few & few place where people are very many”?
A. George B. Cressey
B. Ralph Waldo Emerson
C. Robert Malthus
D. George Bush
4. ___ % of the world population lives in about 10 % of its land area
5. The most populous countries are located in which continent?
D. South America
*Out of 10 most populous countries of the world which contribute 60% of population , 6 are located in Asia
6. Which one of the following continents has the highest growth rate of population?
A. South America
D. North America
7. Who said these lines “Not gold but only Women can make a people great & strong” ?
B. Amartya Sen
D. Ralph Waldo Emerson
8. Why is it necessary to understand the ratio between the number of people to the size of land?
A. To study population data
B. For practising agriculture
C. Each unit of land has limited capacity to support people living on it
D. Size of land is not known
9. Density of population is measured as?
B. Population x Area(sq.km)
D. Number of people/Number of resources
10. In which continent density of population is the highest?
D. North America
Density in Asia – 146 person per sq.km
Least in Oceania
(Data as per NCERT edition 2021-22)
11. River valleys of the world are densely populated because of-
A. Trade routes
B. Water Availability
D. Tourist attraction
12. Due to which of these factors Himalayas are scarcely populated?
*Ganga plains are densely populated due to plain & gentle slopes preferred by people
13. Mediterranean regions were inhabited from early periods in history due to-
A. Nearness to Sea
D. Pleasant climate
14. Katanga Zambia copper belt is densely populated mainly because of-
15. Thick population in Kobe Osaka region of Japan can be attributed to which of these factors-
B. Mineral availability
C. IT sector
16. The _____ refers to the change in number of inhabitants of a territory during a specific period of time
A. Population growth
B. Nature growth of population
C. Growth rate of population
D. Negative population growth
*Also called population change
17. Natural growth of population can be defined as?
A. Difference between births and death
B. Difference between death and births
D. None of the above
18. Births- Deaths+ In Migration-Out Migration,refers to-
A. Population growth
B. Negative growth of population
C. Actual growth of population
D. Natural growth of population
19. The change of population expressed in percentage can be termed as-
A. Growth rate of population
B. Natural growth rate of population
C. Rate of People’s growth
D. Positive growth of population
20. The condition when the birth rate is more than the death rate between two points of time or when people from other countries migrate permanently to a region ,is called-
A. Neutral Population Growth
B. Positive growth of population
C. Negative growth of population
D. I phase of demographic transition
21. _____ occurs when the birth rate falls below the death rate or people migrate to other countries.
A. Negative birth rate
B. Negative growth of population
C. Migration growth
D. Decline in the birth rate
22. How many components are there of population change?
23. The ____ is expressed as the number of live births in a year per thousand of population
A. Crude Death rate
B. Crude Migration rate
C. Crude Birth rate
D. Live birth rate
CBR = Bi/P x 1000
*Bi- live births during the year ; P- mid year population
24. Identify the incorrect statement.
A. Death rate plays an active role in population change
B. Crude Death rate is method of measuring mortality
C. CDR is number of deaths in a particular year per thousand of population in a region
D. Mortality rates are not affected by the region’s demographic structure , social advancement and level of its economic development
25. ___% of migrants to Mumbai are kids
26. Apart from birth & death rate what is the another way by which the population size changes?
A. International Tourism
C. Both A & B
27. Consider these statements.
I. The place people move to is Place of Origin
II. The place people move from is Place of destination
III. Place of origin shows decrease in population while population increases in the place of destination
IV. Migration is interpreted as a spontaneous effort to achieve better balance between population & resources
Which of the statement is/are correct?
A. I & II only
B. III & IV only
C. I,II,III & IV
D. III only
*Migration can be permanent,temporary or seasonal
28. Migrants who move out into a new place are called –
29. Emigration refers to-
A. Movement of migrants out of a place
B. Movements of migrants into a place
C. Movement of NRIs into out country
D. Coming of tourists
30. ____ factors which makes the place of origin seem less attractive.
*Pull factors make the place of destination seem more attractive
31. Local conflicts are?
A. Pull factors
B. Push factors
C. Both A &B
D. None of the above
32. Consider the following statements and choose the incorrect option from the given options
I. Population of the earth is more than seven billion
II. In the early periods population of the world grew very rapidly
III. During the last hundred years population has increased at an alarming rate
IV. Technological advancement achieved helped in reduction of death rate & accelerated population growth
A. I only
B. II only
C. IV & III only
D. III only
33. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option from the given options
1. Population grown rapidly during the sixteenth and seventeenth century.
2. Expansion of world trade during sixteenth and seventeenth century is an important cause of it.
A. Only 1 is correct
B. Only 2 is correct
C. Both the statements are incorrect
D. Both statements are correct and statement 2 correctly explains the statement
34. Which of the following option(s) explains how science & technology helped population growth?
A. Steam engine replaced human & animal energy
B. Mechanized energy of water & wind increased agricultural & industrial production
C. Inoculation against epidemics, improvement in medical facilities and sanitation led to a rapid decline in death rates
D. All of the above
35. Human population increased more than __ times in the past 500 hundred years
36. Consider the given statements and answer the correct ones:
I. It took more than a million years for human population to attain one billion mark
II. It took only 12 years to rise from 5 billion to 6 billion
III. Devloped regions take less time to double their population as compared to developing countries
IV. Population is exploding in developing world
A. III only
B. I & II only
C. I,II & IV only
D. I only
37. There is ______ correlation between economic development & population growth.
38. What is the annual rate of population change?
39. “Annual rate of population seems to be low ,it is actually not so” Why?
A. Small annual rate applied to large population will lead to large population change
B. Growth rate decline, the total population grows each year
C. Annual rate of population is biased indicator
D. Both A & B
40. Which of the following reasons have pushed up death rates in Africa?
A. Ebola Virus
B. HIV/AIDS epidemics
D. Political turmoil
Deadly HIV/AIDS epidemics in Africa have pushed up death rates & reduced average life expectancy
41. Which theory can be used to predict future population of any area?
A. Theory of modes of production
B. Demographic transition theory
C. Theory of population
D. People & Future theory
*Population of any region changes from high births and high deaths to low births and low deaths as society progresses from rural agrarian and illiterate to urban industrial and literate society
42. In which stage of demographic theory fertility and mortality both declines?
A. First stage
B. Third stage
C. Second stage
D. Fourth stage
- First Stage- High fertility & High mortality, slow popul. Growth , low life expectancy
- Second Stage- High fertility in beginning but declines with time, reduced mortality rate, net addition to population is high
- Third stage- Urbanised & Literate population & controls the family size
43. The spacing or preventing the birth of children is known as-
A. Family planning
B. Family spacing
C. Birth control
D. Birth prevention
44. _____ in his theory stated that the number of people would increase faster than food supply.
A. Ralph Waldo Emerson
C. Thomas Malthus
45. Which one of the following is not an area of sparse population?
A. The Atacama
B. Equatorial region
C. South-east Asia
D. Polar region
*Not in the new edition of NCERT 2021-22
46. Which one of the following is not a fact ?
A. Human population increased more than ten times during the past 500 years.
B. It took 100 years for the population to rise from 5 billion to 6 billion.
C. Population growth is slow in the second stage of demographic transition
It took only 12 years for world population to rise from 5 billion to 6 billion
47. Which one of the following is not a push factor ?
A. Water shortage
C. Medical/educational facilities
48. What does the transition from high fluctuating stage to low fluctuating stage indicate?
A. Shift from Urban Industrial economy to Rural Agrarian economy
B. Migration from Urban to Rural areas
C. Shift from Rural Agrarian economy to Urban Industrial economy
D. Low Birth and Death Rate to High Birth and Death Rate
49. In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosion took place?
A. Stage I
B. Stage II
C. Stage III
D. Post Stage III
50. Why does fertility rate show a declining trend in the third stage of Demographic Transition Theory?
A. This is because human beings are not able to adjust their fertility.
B. Literacy rates show a downward trend all over the world.
C. The population becomes urbanized and has high technical knowhow.
D. There is acute food shortage in countries with a high Human Development Index
51. What is the annual growth rate of population in India?
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