AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CLASSROOM IN A SLUM
-STEPHEN SPENDER FLAMINGO CLASS-12
1. The poem “An elementary school classroom in a slum” is written by-
A. Stephen Spender
B. Kamala Das
C. Anees Jung
D. Pablo Neruda
2. The theme of Stephen Spender’s poem is –
B. Social injustice
C. Class inequalities
D. Both B & C
3. What does ‘ Far Far from gusty waves ’means?
A. Children live far from each other
B. Children are far away from joy and enjoyment of nature
C. Children live in a slum near sea
D. Children are far away from strong waves of sea
*Gusty waves symbolise the bright, energetic side of life that is so lively and full of enjoyment (Energetic & exuberant)
4. Poet compares the faces of children to rootless weeds which means the children are –
These children of slum are like the weeds, unwelcomed and unwanted by the rich world outside.
5. Which children are referred to here in the poem?
A. Children of urban areas
B. Children of rural areas
C. Children of slum
D. Child labourers
6. What does the pale faces of children represent?
A. Unhealthy lifestyle
C. No interest in classroom
D. Rich lifestyle
*Malnourishment , & hopelessness
7. The tall girl with her head weighed down means the girl –
A. Has untidy hair
B. Has her head bent with shame
C. is ill & exhausted
D. is sleeping in the class
She was over loaded and overburdened with the difficulties and struggle of life. So she is exhausted and tired
8. The paper seeming boy with rat’s eyes means the boy is –
A. Unpleasant looking
B. White as paper
C. Sly & secretive
D. thin, hungry & weak
His eyes are like rat’s small and scared, scared of
9. Why is the heir being referred to as unlucky?
A. Because unlike other children he got nothing from his parents except poverty, struggle, a genetic disease
B. He got low marks
C. Because unlike other children he is born in low income family
D. His parents died when he was too young
10. Why does the poet bring the image of children in a slum classroom?
A. To present the rich life of children
B. To present the hell like life of the slum children with no hope and future
C. Just for the sake of writing poem
D. To present the dim lit classroom
11. The stunted, unlucky heir of twisted bones means the boy –
A. Was short and bony
B. Has an inherited disability
C. Both A & B
12. How is the boy sitting at the back of the dim class different from other children?
A. He is from a rich background
B. He is very healthy
C. He lives in hope and dreams
D. Has an inherited disability
*He dreams of a squirrel game in trees. He dreams of nature, life and energy. Squirrel game’s here represents nature and life outside
*He dreams of life outside that hopeless dim classroom
13. “Paper seeming”& “stunted” suggest that –
A. Children were illiterate
B. Children had no toys , friends to play with
C. Children were studying in a dim lit classroom
D. Children’s undernourished condition
* Paper seeming boy with rat’s eyes – metaphor
14. What is the tone of the poet?
A. Suggests despair & misery
B. Suggests joy & hope
C. Optimistic & sympathetic
15. Why the poet uses expression “On sour cream walls”?
A. To show the unhyegienic condition of the school
B. To show the colour of the wall
C. To show the decent infrastructure of classroom
D. To represent the dilapidated condition of the slum area
16. What is the attitude of children towards Shakespeares’s picture?
B. Study Shakespeare
17. How are the donated paintings related to the slum children?
A. Depict the life of slum children
B. The children had lived in the places paintings depict
C. Paintings were in contrast to the life of children
D. The paintings were donated by the parents of children
The world in these pictures has no relevance to the real life that exist in the slum school
18. What does ‘this map’ refer to?
A. The world in which the children lives
B. The world beyond the reach of the poor
C. The world map
19. What do the ‘windows’ signify here?
A. The windows of the classroom
B. The entrance to the other world
C. The happiness in the life of slum children
D. The connection between the two world –
the inside and the outside
Windows through which the children can have a glimpse of their surroundings is in contrast to the pictures hanged on the classroom wall representing a world they can just aspire but never achieve ,the world they see through the windows is a part of the slum where they live & its their world
20. ‘Stars of words’ means –
C. World of knowledge
D. World of stars
21. Identify the phrase which imply bleak future of the slum children.
A. Like rootless weeds, the hair torn round their pallor
B. ‘future’s painted with a fog, narrow street sealed in with a
C. History is theirs whose language is sun
D. This map becomes their window
22. The poet uses the phrase wicked & bad example for –
A. Shakespeare & Map
B. Shakespeare & Governors
C. Children living in urban areas
D. Slum children
*There is no relevance of the real-life in the slum to the world depicted in the photos and map does not hold any place for these slum, the map doesn’t include their dirty streets & narrow lanes
*Wicked –morally wrong
23. What does the poet wants to convey through “ Open-handed map awarding the world its world”?
A. Persons in power make the world
B. The map is open for study
C. The children wish to live in the world painted in pictures
D. The civilized world of rich
Their world is the world of rich & important people & not for the children living & studying in the slums
24. What does the Tyrolese valley refer to in the poem?
A. represents knowledge, education and literate world
B. represents clear pollution free sky of world in nature’s
C. represents the pleasant beautiful world
D. represents the rich, progressive and civilized world
*Tyrol – Alpine province
25. Which option has the underlined phrase that applies the poetic device used for ‘rat’s eyes’?
A. He shut up like a clam when interrogated.
B. She runs as swift as a gazelle.
C. He is considered the black sheep of the family.
D. She ran away chattering with fear.
26. What kind of world is there for the children living in slums?
A. Wide Lanes with well lit classrooms
B. Narrow lanes with foggy skies & dim classrooms
C. Civilized & prosperous world of music , literature
D. Open world , rivers & sky
27. “With ships & sun and love tempting them to steal” what does this line refer to:
A. The children love the ships & sun
B. They want freedom & joy
C. The beautiful things of the world tempt the children to steal which they are deprived of
D. The children want the luxuries of urban people
*They may steal or commit crime to achieve them
28. This kind of life begins with the fog of uncertainty and ends with the night of death. Whose life is being referred to here?
D. Slum children
29. What does slag heap signify?
A. Surroundings with garbage
B. Extreme poverty & misery
C. Waste material
D. Both A & C
Slag heap means wastage here poet refers to the body of each child of the slum. Poet has used it to compare children’s physique to the metallic wastage
30. “These children wear skins peeped through by bones” What does this refers to?
A. They are unhappy
B. They are unwanted just like weeds
C. They are very lean & thin
D. Children had a very soft skin
- They are so skinny because of malnutrition that we can count their bones through their skin
- Metaphor is used
31. The literal meaning of ‘reciting’ refers to delivering the lesson aloud. What does its figurative meaning refer to?
A. Showing extra interest in the lesson.
B. Carrying his father’s disease.
C. Resigning to his disease and condition.
D. Voicing the poor conditions, he lives in.
32. “With mended glass, like bottle bits on stones” refers to –
Ans: They use spectacles not for luxury but because it’s their necessity. They use mended glasses, cracked and steel framed. They can’t afford a brand new spectacle so they manage with repaired one
33. The metaphor ‘lead sky’, is used by Stephen Spender to bring out
A. the image of sky-high constructions in the slum.
B. a response to death and destruction.
C. the strong dreams and aspirations of the children.
D. a sense of hopelessness and despair.
34. “So blot their maps with slums as big as doom”
Here maps refer to ? –
A. World maps
B. Civilized places of the rich & great
D. A & B both
They don’t belong to the civilized beautiful world depicted on the map instead they live an unhealthy undernourished life in filthy slum full of dirt and dust.
35. Who can make ‘this map’ their windows?
D. All of the above
These windows stand for the limited , narrow world of slum children
36. Catacombs in the poem stands for –
A. Art Galleries
B. Dirty slums
D. Administrative authorities
*Catacombs symbolise darkness and illiteracy which surrounds these children
37. “Break O Break open till they break the town”. What does the poet asks to break?
A. Break obstacles in progress & growth of slum children
B. Break the luxuries of children from rich background
C. Break the town with anger
D. Break the false promises of authorities
38. “Run azure on gold sands” refers to –
Ans: Poet says their world should extend to the blue sky rising above the gold sands. By this poet meant to expose these children to hope and to open-air where they can run free under the unlimited sky
*Azure- sky colour (blue)
39. “ And let their tongues run naked into books’’ means –
Ans: They should read without any hesitation or condition only then they can understand the books for progress and can break themselves free from the poor life of slum
40. Explain, “history is theirs whose language is the sun”
Ans:. To create history language must have strength, brightness and warmth of sun , weak people can’t make history
*The poet says if students studying in slum are allowed education in the form of free exploration, their language will gain the power and warmth of the Sun. They will acquire freedom of expression which will change their future and recreate history.
41. Poet brings “A narrow street sealed in with a lead sky
Far far from rivers, capes & stars of words” we can say that this was –
42. Identify the figure of speech in “ Far Far”
- In “Far Far from “ there is alliteration as the sound ‘f’ occurs thrice
- Repetition also in “Break o Break open”
43. Identify the poetic device in “Gusty waves”
44. Choose from the given options the phrases which have simile figure of speech
A. Like rootless weeds
B. Like bottle bits on stones
C. Their maps with slums as big as doom
D. All of these
Simile -shut upon their lives like catacombs
45. Identify the figure of speech in “Gnarled disease”.
B. Transferred epithet
For example sleepless night , night is not itself sleepless the speaker had a sleepless night
*Gnarled – twisted , bent
46. The figure of speech in ‘language of sun’ is –
47. “From fog to endless night.” Identify the figure of speech
B. Transferred epithet
*Fog & endless night stand for gloomy (dark) future & unending misery respectively
48. “civilized dome riding all cities” Identify the poetic device from the given options –
Ride is used for humans but here it is used for dome
49. “Of twisted bones , reciting a father’s gnarled disease.” Identify the pun here
Ans: The given line has two meanings
- The boy is reciting the lesson in class
- He has inherited disease of twisted bones from his father
50. Identify the figure of speech in “Tongues run naked into books –
51. Identify the poetic device in the following phrases ‘weighed down head’, ‘endless night’, ‘language is the sun’.
C. Transferred Epithet
52. Which word in the poem means the same as ‘sophisticated’?
53. What does the word ‘dim’ signify?
A. Dark children of slum children
B. Their classroom had no electricity
C. They had no light of hope
D. Dark & Dingy classrooms
54. Which word in the poem will be antonym of ‘conspicuous’?
A. Tree room
*Conspicuous means easily noticeable
55. What does the expression ‘narrow street’ signify ?
A. Children are poor & unhealthy
B. Children live far away from civilized dome
C. They are deprived of natural surroundings
D. They live in slums which are situated in a congested area
56. What is the pun in the word ‘windows’ used in the poem?
A. Father’s disease
B. Broken windows of classroom
C. Lack of opportunities
57. What does ‘Lead sky’ symbolize?
A. Hopeful future of slum children
B. Hopeless future of slum children
C. Clouded sky
D. Growth & opportunities
* “Sealed in with a lead sky’’ – Metaphor
58. The word ‘slyly’ in the poem means –
Shrewdly – cleverly , slyly
59. ___________ in the poem means confined
60.Find the antonym of the word ‘ tempting’
Dissuade –persuade (someone) not to take a particular course of action.
QUICK REVISION – POETIC DEVICES
|Alliteration||1. Far Far from |
2. Surely Shakespeare is
3. Spectacles of steel
4. Bottle bits
|Repetition||1. Far Far |
2.Break O Break
|Metaphor||1. Gusty waves |
2. Paper seeming boy with rat’s eyes
3. sealed in with a lead sky
4. all their future’s painted with a fog
5. From fog to endless night
6. whose language is the sun
|Personification||1. civilized dome riding all cities|
|Pun||1. Reciting a father’s gnarled disease |
2. Lead sky
|Simile||1. Like rootless weeds |
2. Like bottle bits on stones
3.Slums as big as doom
4. Like catacombs
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