1.Mahatma Gandhi started Salt March in which year?
A. 1910
B. 1930
C. 1941
D. 1919
Ans: B
Lord Irwin was the Viceroy at the time and the march started from Sabarmati.

2. When did Gandhi ji return to India─
A. 1912
B. 1907
C. 1905
D. 1915
Ans: D

3.Name the historian, who has remarked South Africa was ‘the making of the Mahatma’─
A. Louis Fischer
B. Ramchandra Guha
C. Chandran Devanesan
D. Charles Ball
Ans: C

4. Swadeshi Movement took place during the years ─
A. 1905-1907
B. 1914-1917
C. 1921-1925
D. 1941-1945
Ans: A
“Lal, Bal, Pal” were the towering leaders of the movement and they advocated
militant opposition to colonial rule.

5. Who was the political mentor of Gandhi ji─
A. BG Tilak
B. G K Gokhale
C. M G Ranade
D. None of the above
Ans: B
He was among the “Moderates” who preferred a more gradual and persuasive

6. In which year did Gandhi ji join peasants in Kheda asking the state for the remission of taxes following the crop failure─
A. 1918
B. 1922
C. 1931
D. 1942
Ans: A
The same year he also involved in another campaign in his state Gujarat. He
intervened in a labor dispute in Ahmedabad.

7. Which movement sought to restore the Caliphate, abolished by Turkish ruler Kemal Attaturk?
A. Pakistan Movement
B. Moplah Riots
C. Khilafat Movement
D. Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam
Ans: C
It was led by Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali.

8. Which incident(s) prompted Mahatma Gandhi to call off the non-cooperation movement?
A. Kakori Conspiracy
B. Jallianwala Bagh
C. Chauri chaura
D. All of the above
Ans: C
In Feb 1922, a group of peasants attacked and torched a police station in the
the hamlet of Chauri Chaura in United Province( Present-day Uttar Pradesh and

9. In which year did the Simon Commission come to India?
A. 1942
B. 1938
C. 1945
D. 1928
Ans: D

10. The peasant’s satyagraha in Bardoli took place in ─
A. 1928
B. 1935
C. 1942
D. 1922
Ans: A
Additional InformationVallabh Bhai Patel led this movement and was given the title of ‘Sardar’ by women of Bardoli.

11. Who was elected as the President of Congress at the Lahore session held in 1929─
A. J L Nehru
B. S C Bose
C. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
D. Aruna Asif Ali
Ans: A
This session signifies the passing of the baton of leadership to the young generation
and the proclamation of commitment to ‘Purna Swaraj’.

12. Name the Socialist activist(s) who persuaded Gandhi ji to not restrict the protest to women alone─
A. Annie Besant
B. Aruna Asif Ali
C. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
D. All of the above
Ans: C
Kamala Devi was one of the numerous women arrested for breaking the salt or
Liquor laws.

13. The first meeting of Round Table Conference
(London) took place in─
A. 1933
B. 1931
C. 1932
D. 1930
Ans: D

14. Under the terms of which pact civil disobedience was called off and prisoners were released ─
A. Poona Pact
B. Gandhi-Irwin Pact
C. Jharia Pact
D. Colaba Pact
Ans: B
The pact was criticized by radical nationalists for Gandhiji was unable to obtain a
commitment to political independence for Indians from the Viceroy.

15. In which edition of Round Table Conference Gandhiji represented Congress ─
A. 1st
B. 3rd
C. 2nd
D. All three edition
Ans: C
Second round table conference held in 1931.

16. Gandhiji’s representation of Congress at second Round table Conference was opposed by─
A. Muslim League
B. B.R. Ambedkar
C. Princes of small states
D. All of the above
Ans: D
Muslim league stood for the Muslim minority, Princes claimed Congress had no stake in their territories, B.R Ambedkar argued that Gandhiji and the Congress did not really represent the lower castes.

17. Consider the following statements:
I. Lord Mountbatten was the Viceroy of India when India got
II. India got Independence by formal transfer of power.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about India’s
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Both I and II
D. Neither I nor II
Ans: C

18. Consider the following statements and mark the correct
A. The Committee for Rowlatt Act was headed by Sir Sidney
B. Jalianwala Bagh massacre took place in 1919 as a result of
Rowlatt Satyagraha.
C. Neither A nor B
D. Both A and B
Ans: D
Rowlatt act curbed individual freedom.

19. Sir Stafford Cripps was sent to India (in 1942) to try
& forge a compromise with Gandhiji & the Congress by
which British PM:
A. Winston Churchill
B. Clement Attlee
C. Neville Chamberlain
D. None of the above
Ans: A

20. Consider the following statements:
I. He praised the Indian elite for their concern for laboring poor.
II. It was his first major public appearance.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about
Gandhiji’s speech at the opening ceremony of BHU?
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Both I and II
D. Neither I nor II
Ans: B
Banaras Hindu University (BHU) was founded in Feb 1916.

21. Which of the following is true about Salt March :
A. This event brought Mahatma Gandhi to World attention.
B. It was the first Nationalist activity in which women participated in
large number.
C. It forced upon British the realisation that their raj would not
last forever
D. All A, B, C are correct
Ans: D

22.Consider the following pairs:

1.Garibaldi -Italy

2.George Washington – American war of Independence

3.Ho Chi Minh -Vietnam
Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. All 1, 2 and 3
Ans: D

23. Which movement was launched by Gandhiji after the failure of the Cripps Mission?
A. Swadeshi
B. Non-Cooperation
C. Quit India
D. None of the above
Ans: C
It began on 8 August 1942.

24. Cabinet Mission came to India in the year?
A. 1942
B. 1946
C. 1933
D. 1946
Ans: D
It failed to get Congress & the league to agree on a federal system that would keep
India together while allowing the provinces a degree of autonomy.

25. Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for Direct Action Day on?
A. 16 Aug 1946
B. 26 July1946
C. 18 December 1946
D. 14 August 1947
Ans: A

26. The Judge who presided over the trial of Mahatma Gandhi during the Non-cooperation movement?
A. Justice Campbell
B. Justice Thomas Strangman
C. Justice C N Broomfield
D. Justice Robert Payne
Ans: C

27. Who was the Governor-general during Salt Satyagraha of Gandhi Ji?
A. Lord Irwin
B. Lord Chelmsford
C. Lord Willingdon
D. Lord Wavell
Ans: A

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Mahatma Gandhi and Mahatma Gandhi

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